In Ireland and the United Kingdom, both countries have made significant progress in implementing legislation and policy initiatives in respect of extreme exploitation within the framework of trafficking in human beings. Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and International Non Governmental Organisations (INGOs) are working to support, empower and lobby with and for trafficked people. However, despite this progress, concerns have been expressed regarding the effectiveness of this work. It is still that case that few victims of trafficking for forced labour are officially identified and protected and few perpetrators are actually prosecuted and convicted.
Although a range of protection measures have been put in place, some NGOs are questioning whether it is of benefit to be identified as a victim of trafficking, given the inadequacies of the provisions that are in place. Further concerns arise about responses being limited to the current counter trafficking framework alone, and not linked to labour market policies, or undocumented workers‟ rights and employment standards with the development of a specific focus on forced labour.
The aim of this report is to explore responses to trafficking and forced labour, and to identify good practice models and examples in Ireland and the UK. The research intends to contribute to more effective and efficient efforts in dealing with anti-trafficking initiatives by examining opportunities and critiquing institutional responses to the problem. The report also highlights key areas of concern in responding to trafficking and the broader issue of forced labour.